“Since 2015 until now, over than 2.000 FireFighters missions have been carried out thanks to the Remote Piloted Aircraft (APR) help, or better known as drones. The aircrafts have been used to support research and monitoring missions, internal and external building inspections and, among the others, in conjunctions with the earthquake occurred in Italy, the drones were used to rescue 291 people.”
(Giuseppe Romano, Emergency and FireFighters Rescue Central Director)
AvIoT aims to take this challenge forward, improving the technologies already installed on the aircrafts. In the project implementation, the drone will be equipped with a two-way audio system (megaphone and microphone) to communicate with the human being in danger, to gather useful information from those people who are in the interested area, trying to understand their needs. It is planned to create a demo, a prototypal horizontal application distributed between the Cloud and the drone. The project will also make use of a consulting from a third and external company, in order to implement the application the best way possible. The basic idea is this: the telephone operator, after having authenticated at the Cloud platform, will be able to establish an audio/video communication with the drone and to watch its live shot in streaming, to catch sounds and requests of help, to communicate with the person in danger trying to make him/her comfortable. Using drones leads many vantages such as: faster rescue actions, less risks for human being, the possibility to have a better and more efficient support for all the decisions to take, based on concrete information, for example detailed and updated maps of the interested areas.
“The precision farming is the field where drones are moving rapidly from a technological development phase to the application and marketing one. This field is proving to be a huge point of interest in Italy, not only for the importance of the farming in our economy, but also because of the relative simplicity of drones usage in agricultural context considered “not critical” because uninhabited and untamed area”.
(Luciano Castro, Rome Drone Conference President)
The project aims to create a vertical application that will be used in the farming context, with innovative features and with the purpose of detecting the plant vegetative state using the remote sensing technique. In the project development, the drone will be equipped with components that ensure accuracy on catching the multispectral images, a backup of these images, saved into a local storage and a trusted transmission between the drone and the Cloud platform in order to perform real-time processing operations and permitting a suitable tuning of the camera system by an expert (agronomist) even remotely. The demonstrative software that AvIoT is going to implement will be a distributed application between Cloud and drones. The idea is to produce a well-defined flight plan which will be loaded on the drone, and this one, during the patrolling phase and according to the loaded flight plan and the different surveys typology to carry out, will shot a sequence of photos and each one of these images have the GPS coordinates of the area they cover. These photos will be saved in a local storage and, at the same time, sent to the Cloud platform. The user will be able to check these images remotely and at real-time, as well as, analyzing them in order to have a overall panoramic of the interested crop, which highlights all the differences between healthy plants and stressed ones.
Geofancing is a sort of “virtual fence” used by the GPS technology as to define the virtual geographic boundaries of a entity (object or human being) which is moving and its real position. Less in detail then the others “challenge”, AvIoT wants to create an application, able to define the virtual geographic perimeter of a moving aircraft. It is wanted to implement advanced dynamic geo-fencing policies, able to update at real-time the protected areas map from a single control point and to modify and to move this map immediately on the authorized drones, obliging them to take into account of it at once. In this way, it will be possibile to intervene when scenarios as sporting events or unsafe vehicle passage occur, which can’t be codify statically and enduring permanently inside the protected areas database. It is wanted to build, as well, a virtual obliged aisle for the drone in the real moment in which it is already flying, draw it in the mission control map, and releasing on the ground or on the infrastructures, fence sensors that signal to the closer drones to not cross the fence or approaching the building.